Hacker Underground: How Markets for Cyber-Tools, Stolen Data Work
Cyber-attacks continue to grow in number as well as become more sophisticated. Enterprises' intellectual property and brand reputation can evaporate in a heartbleed (um, heartbeat—sorry, couldn't resist), and our personal information is targeted daily. During the last decade, cyber-criminals, hacking tools and black marketplaces have become more sophisticated and spawned an entirely new economy: a deep and complex underground one of its own. It includes storefronts, cloud services, criminal services for sale and even training on how to conduct cyber-attacks.